Works of Sri Aurobindo

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Early Cultural Writings








Part One

The Harmony of Virtue


The Sole Motive of Man’s Existence

The Harmony of Virtue

Beauty in the Real

Stray Thoughts


Part Two

On Literature


Bankim Chandra Chatterji

His Youth and College Life

The Bengal He Lived In

His Official Career

His Versatility

His Literary History

What He Did for Bengal

Our Hope in the Future


On Poetry and Literature


Characteristics of Augustan Poetry

Sketch of the Progress of Poetry from Thomson to Wordsworth

Appendix: Test Questions

Marginalia on Madhusudan Dutt’s Virangana Kavya

Originality in National Literatures


The Poetry of Kalidasa

A Proposed Work on Kalidasa

The Malavas

The Age of Kalidasa

The Historical Method

The Seasons

Hindu Drama

Vikramorvasie: The Play

Vikramorvasie: The Characters

The Spirit of the Times

On Translating Kalidasa

Appendix: Alternative and Unused Passages and Fragments


On the Mahabharata

Notes on the Mahabharata

Notes on the Mahabharata [Detailed]


Part Three

On Education


Address at the Baroda College Social Gathering


The Brain of India

A System of National Education

The Human Mind

The Powers of the Mind

The Moral Nature

Simultaneous and Successive Teaching

The Training of the Senses

Sense— Improvement by Practice

The Training of the Mental Faculties

The Training of the Logical Faculty

Message for National Education Week (1918)

National Education

A Preface on National Education


Part Four

On Art


The National Value of Art

Two Pictures

Indian Art and an Old Classic

The Revival of Indian Art

An Answer to a Critic


Part Five

Conversations of the Dead


Dinshah, Perizade

Turiu, Uriu

Mazzini, Cavour, Garibaldi

Shivaji, Jaysingh

Littleton, Percival


Part Six

The Chandernagore Manuscript


Passing Thoughts [1]

Passing Thoughts [2]

Passing Thoughts [3]



Historical Impressions: The French Revolution

Historical Impressions: Napoleon

In the Society’s Chambers

At the Society’s Chambers

Things Seen in Symbols [1]

Things Seen in Symbols [2]

The Real Difficulty



Part Seven

Epistles / Letters From Abroad


Epistles from Abroad

Letters from Abroad


Part Eight




"Hymns to the Goddess"

"South Indian Bronzes"

"God, the Invisible King"


About Astrology

"Sanskrit Research"

"The Feast of Youth"



Part Nine

Bankim — Tilak — Dayananda


Rishi Bankim Chandra

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

A Great Mind, a Great Will

Dayananda: The Man and His Work

Dayananda and the Veda

The Men that Pass


Appendix One

Baroda Speeches and Reports


Speeches Written for the Maharaja of Baroda

Medical Department

The Revival of Industry in India

Report on Trade in the Baroda State

Opinions Written as Acting Principal


Appendix Two

Premises of Astrology


Premises of Astrology


Note on the Texts